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THEMATIC CLUSTERS.

Climate Change and Human Settlements

In today’s climate susceptible world, coastal settlements of the global south have become vulnerable to the former’s many forces. With its long stretch of coastal settlements, both rural and urban, Bangladesh has remained particularly vulnerable to both long-term and immediate natural hazards. The aims of this thematic cluster are to inform the sustainable and climate responsive practice in order to enhance the quality of the human settlements through fundamental and applied collaborative research. The work undertaken by this thematic cluster is predominantly related to mitigating the impacts of, and adapting to, climate change, reducing energy use in the built environment, retrofitting the sustainable tools in the built environment and enhancing comfort, productivity and wellbeing of building users. The works undertaken focuses on sustainable energy in the built environment and climate responsive built environment.

Research-based studio works

  • Rethinking a disaster prone community: the case of Dakshin Southkhali,4thyear design studio project, Architecture Discipline, Khulna University, Bangladesh
  • Design of Disaster Adaptive Rural Settlement in Coastal Area, Study of Cyclone AILA affected villages in Shyamnagar,4thyear design studio project, Architecture Discipline, Khulna University, Bangladesh

 

Research-based publications (selected titles)

  • Ecotourism and the Sundarbans: Alternative Policies for Development
  • Sustainability of Assisted Shelter Projects in Post-cyclone Communities: The Southkhali Case, Bangladesh
  • Search for sustainability in challenging rural scenarios: A study on income generation and its effect on households adjacent to the Sundarbans
  • Revisiting climate change policies in Bangladesh: A vulnerability perspective
  • Climate change adaptation through grassroots responses: learning from the ‘Aila’ affected coastal settlements of Bangladesh
  • Learning from the indigenous knowledge: towards disaster-resilient coastal settlements in Bangladesh
  • Re-thinking Disaster-Prone Vernacular Settlement: A Comprehensive Strategic Planning towards Disaster-Adaptive Settlements in Bangladesh
  • Climate Change Impact and Adaptation in Urban Informal Settlements in Khulna: A Built Environmental Perspective

 

Cluster Coordinator

Prof. Anirban Mostafa, PhD

Context Responsive Pedagogy

Contemporary architectural education concentrates its focus more on the aesthetic and theoretical characteristics of architecture. Pedagogical praxis that involves a heightened awareness of emerging architectural problems surrounding the socio-cultural, socio-economic and environmental issues promotes positive change in this regard. The aim of this thematic cluster is to re-establish the balance of practice and theory within the realm of architectural education will create an interdisciplinary foundation between the arts of the making and the made, a praxis between the tangible and intangible nature of architecture. This thematic cluster explore a context responsive pedagogy that can enhance the praxis enriched with a design process that encourages learning from societal realities through effective cooperation, communication, construction skills, community involvement, and social awareness, as well as incorporating and applying architectural theory to the process of conceiving the issues.

Recent works (selected titles)

  • Learning from the Living Laboratory: Towards Responsive Design Pedagogy
  • Historicism in Architectural Education

Ongoing research

  • Theory-sessional dichotomy in architectural pedagogy: an enquiry into the

erroneous teaching-learning practice

 

Cluster Coordinator

Prof. Afroza Parvin, PhD

Housing

The endeavor of housing thematic cluster is to investigate the theories and practice of housing provision system under different political economics. The cluster analyzes the structures and processes in different national housing systems, housing production process and the role of major actors. The cluster deals with the issues related to housing policy, housing finance and affordability and affordable housing provision. It also explores the substantial changes that have taken place in housing policy over the last few decades with particular reference to Bangladesh context. The key intension of this thematic cluster is to outline a possible framework, that include a systematic understanding of different settlement systems in the light of theories, and formulation of methods applicable for the architectural design and planning of and within such settlements.

Research based Studio work

  • Design of Housing for the Jute Mills Workers, Study of housing in three Jute Industries – Crescent Jute Mill, Peoples Jute Mill, and Platinum Jute Mill, 4th year design studio project, Architecture Discipline, Khulna University, Bangladesh.
  • Rental housing in urban dilemma, 5th year design studio project, Architecture Discipline, Khulna University, Bangladesh

Recent works (selected titles)

  • Rent setting mechanism and housing affordability; the case of public housing in Hong Kong
  • A study of housing affordability in relation to economic development in Hong Kong
  • Relationship between Housing Affordability and Economic Development in Mainland China - The Case of Shanghai
  • Factors affecting the housing affordability of the public housing tenants in Hong Kong
  • The effect of economic indicators on housing affordability : the case of public housing in Hong Kong

Ongoing research works

  • Sustainable housing provision for female garment workers in Bangladesh: A cross sectional analysis of factors affecting affordability and rent
  • Post occupancy evaluation of residential satisfaction in private rental sector: the case of Khulna

 

Cluster Coordinator
Prof. Anirban Mostafa, PhD

 

Sustainable Urbanism

In the context of the post-colonial city in today’s developing world, contemporary urbanization is being driven by neocolonial forces – resulting in massive spatio-physical transformation in its built environment. Catalysts such as colonial legacy of administrative culture, post-WWII planning practices, neoliberal economic practices and more recently climate vulnerability are all contributing to the spatio-physical transformation of urban form at both micro and macro levels. Urbanism, as an outcome of this urbanization process, and also as the way of its citizen’s everyday lives, hence is fundamentally shaped by these catalytic realities. It is under this circumstance, both our design studio exercises, and research projects aim to work around the what, why and how questions pertaining to the socio-cultural, economic and environmental threats and opportunities of urbanization in Bangladeshi cities.          

Research-based studio works

  • From enclave to public space: rethinking public servants’ residential zones in Khulna, 4th year design studio project, Architecture Discipline, Khulna University, Bangladesh.
  • Master plan of zero point: Envisioning 50 years of urban development surrounding Khulna, Study of peri-urban area surrounding Khulna University, 4th year design studio project, Architecture Discipline, Khulna University, Bangladesh.
  • Design of a Jute Industrial Park: Study of industrial areas in Khulna, 4th year design studio project, Architecture Discipline, Khulna University, Bangladesh.

Research-based publications (selected titles)

  • Node Preference pattern in assuming future growth for an urbane: A look into the case of Jessore town
  • User Point Perspective as a process for Urban (Re)-development: The Case of Riverfront CBD in Khulna city
  • Prospect and exigency for Urban Regeneration: The case of Re-appraisal of Rivers in Urban Bangladesh
  • Urban Saturation and the Crisis of Identity: Reclaiming a Historic Street: The Case of Buckland Bund, Dhaka
  • Crisis in Spatial Order of Public Buildings: The Experience from Khulna City
  • Beyond Circulation: Street as a Communal space - A critical analysis of the streets adjacent to South Central road at Khulna city
  • Integrating Open Space in Compact Layout: Study of a High- Density Residential Development in Hong Kong
  • Effect of visibility on multilevel movement: a study of the high density compact built environment in Hong Kong
  • Sustainable re-invention of the industrial areas of Khulna: Strategic Planning Implications
  • Multilevel Pedestrian movement: does visibility make any difference?
  • Visual accessibility and pedestrian movement: A study of the compact spatial environment in Hong Kong

 

 

Cluster Coordinator

Sheikh Serajul Hakim, PhD

Virtual Heritage

In the digital era, at the time of Cyberspaces, Virtual Communities, and Cyber Games…How do we think about our cultural heritage? How can architectural historians, archaeologists, heritage researchers, cultural heritage managers, museum curators, as well as general people can record, interpret and transmit the knowledge to the future generations? Is this process a time travel, a reconstruction or a simulation?

Under this thematic cluster Advance Research on Cultural Heritage (ARCHer) we are dealing with these questions within the light of the new digital technologies to be able to generate hybrid forms of virtual reconstruction, augmented reality, serious game and interactive visualisation of cultural data.

Ongoing research:

  1. Digital Heritage Interpretation: Adaptive reuse of a CMS engine.
  2. 3D model acquisition and implications for virtual heritage community web portals.
  3. Synchronous location aware Media and Augmented visualization for Real world Tourist (SMART) – an application for Khalifatabad heritage site, Bangladesh (proposal submitted).

Recent works:

  1. Digital Heritage Interpretation: A Case for TTCL Centre, Melaka, Malaysia.
  2. Representation of Formal and Spatial Analysis in computational Media: A case study of Louis I. Khan's assembly complex, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
  3. A Study on the Structural Components of Buildings of Khan-e-Kahan style, Bagerhat, Khulna, Bangladesh.

Research based studio works:

  • A brief study on conservation and critical analysis of Khalifatabad.

Urban Informality

The urbanization of developed and developing nations are characterized by higher degree of inequality, with a vast majority of lower end populace are binding to live in substandard to extremely perilous accommodation. The urban informal sectors are characterized by insufficient housing situation; underprovided urban services; unhygienic living conditions; extremely high densities and with a common threat of eviction. The Urban informal settlement cluster deals with pro poor housing strategies, informal sector housing up gradation, tenure security, housing affordability and preferences of informal sector dwellers. The cluster investigates the strength and hidden chemistry of informal sector by studio exercises and applied collaborative researches.

Research based Studio work

  • Exploring the architectural dimension of vulnerability, case of participatory up gradation of “Badurtola bosti”, Rajshahi, 4th year design studio project, Architecture Discipline, Khulna University, Bangladesh.
  • Resettlement of the Harijan Community of Jessore Municipality, study of three Harijan settlements in Jessore, 4th year design studio project, Architecture Discipline, Khulna University, Bangladesh.
  • Design of Low-cost Housing for Urban Poor, study of three settlements in Rupsha slum, 4th year design studio project, Architecture Discipline, Khulna University, Bangladesh.

Recent works (selected titles)

  1. Scarcity, control and negotiations: an interpretation of urban form in Khulna
  2. carcity and Creativity in the Built Environment

Ongoing research

  1. Towards a pro-poor framework for slum upgrading in Khulna, Bangladesh
  2. Pro poor housing provision in the policy context of Bangladesh: A critical review
  3. Housing preferences and affordability of slum dwellers in Khulna, Bangladesh

 

Cluster Coordinator

Sheikh Serajul Hakim, PhD

 

Advanced Spatial Analysis

The aim of this thematic cluster is to contribute to the field of urban planning and design is in the identification of fundamental links between spatial layout and the social, economic and environmental performance of places. The work undertaken by this cluster is to forecast the effects of planning and design decisions on the movement and interaction of people in buildings and urban areas.

Resent works (selected title)

  • Integrating Open Space in Compact Layout: Study of a High- Density Residential Development in Hong Kong
  • Effect of visibility on multilevel movement: a study of the high density compact built environment in Hong Kong
  • Multilevel Pedestrian movement: does visibility make any difference?
  • Multilevel spatial configuration and its effect on pedestrian movement: A study of high-density built environment in Hong Kong
  • Visual accessibility and pedestrian movement: A study of the compact spatial environment in Hong Kong
  • Modeling multilevel spatial configuration and its effect on pedestrian movement: study of high density built environment in Hong Kong
  • Multilevel pedestrian movement: does configuration make any difference?

Ongoing Research

  • From linear to branch morphology: towards sustainable socio-spatial growth of Khulna city
  • Conservation of cultural landscape through heritage urbanism: a configurational perspective

 

 

Cluster Coordinator

Prof Afroza Parvin, PhD

 

Rural Settlements and Built Environments

The key intension of this thematic cluster is to explore a possible framework, that include a systematic understanding of rural settlement system in the light of theories, and formulation of methods applicable for the architectural design and planning of and within such settlement. This cluster investigates the socio-cultural-economic-spatial realities of rural settlement pattern. The work undertaken by this cluster is to explore and transform the age-old local ways of construction techniques adopted by the rural community in order to increase their adaptability.

 

Research based studio works

  • Rethinking Rural Built form: Compact Design Solutions, Study three villages in the peri-urban area in Batiaghata, 4th year design studio project, Architecture Discipline, Khulna University, Bangladesh.

 

 

Cluster Coordinator

Prof Afroza Parvin, PhD